You Say Potato, I Say Potahto

Wind and brass players tend to speak in a strange foreign language when discussing articulation.  We flutists, for example, have developed numerous syllables for use in single, double and triple tongued passages that slightly alter the quality and ease of sound production.  Below is a comprehensive list of some of these popular (and not so popular) syllables and how they can be used to improve your playing or the playing of your students.

Feel free to add to this list in the comments below if you have other suggestions!

SYLABLLE
FUNCTION
Single
Pu
Soft, legato playing
Daw
Legato playing
Ta or Tah
Standard
Da or Dah
Standard (softer attack than ta)
Ti
More focused tone quality
Du
Connected, good for legato playing
Tut
Short, staccato playing
Cut
Staccato, isolated 2nd syllable of double tonguing
Ka
Legato, isolated 2nd syllable of double tonguing
Double
Ta-Ka
Standard double tongue
Too-soo
Standard double tongue (more connected than ta-ka)
Da-ga
Softer attacks than standard ta-ka
Doo-goo
Softer, more connected attacks
Ti-ri
Used in baroque music (referenced by Quantz)
Didd-le
Very connected
Oo-dah
Jazz swinging double tonguing
Ta-ra
Used in 19th century French music
Tee-dee
Connected, good for legato playing
Tu-ru
Used in baroque music (referenced by Quantz)
Hoo-doo
Soft double tongue
Ta-ga
Variation on standard, 2nd syllable more connected
Doo-ka
Variation on standard, 1st syllable more connected
Tut-kut
Stacatto
Toe-Key
Connected, light
Duc-ky
Connected
Triple
Ta-ka-ta
Standard
Tut-kut-tut
Staccato
Da-ga-da
More connected
Multiple
Ta-ka-da-ga-ra-ga-ya-ga
Non-standard multiple syllable tonguing, best used for Baroque running 16th notes
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